Directorate of Fire & Emergency Services
Government of Goa
FIRE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
FIREPRECAUTIONS IN HIGH RISE BUILDINGS:-
The threat of fire in High Rise Buildings is constant and if adequate precautionary measures are not taken, the consequences can be grave. Therefore, observe the following basic precautions:
FIRE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AGAINST ELECTRICITY:
About 60% fires are of electric origin on account of the electric short circuit, overheating, overloading, use of non-standard appliances, illegal tapping of electrical wires, improper electrical wiring, carelessness, and ignorance etc. It can lead to serious fire and fatal accidents if proper instructions are not followed. Such incidents may be minimized to a great extent if adequate fire precautions are observed. Electrical fires spread rapidly especially in buildings and cause loss of life and property. It is, therefore, necessary to act fast. Raise an alarm for help. Switch off the power supply to de-energize the equipment. Use dry sand, Co2, dry powder of Halon extinguishers.
GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING FIRE SAFETY DRILL AND EVACUATION PROCEDURES FOR HIGH RISE BUILDINGS:
In case of fire in high-rise buildings, safe evacuation of its occupants may present serious problems unless a plan for orderly and systematic evacuation is prepared in advance and all occupants are well drilled in the operation of such plan. The Fire Exit Drills are absolutely necessary for all public Institutions Hotels, Boarding Houses, Hospitals, Factories and especially in Schools and Colleges. Properly conducted they not only secure the orderly and rapid evacuation of the building but teach self-control as well.
Fire Drills shall be conducted, in accordance with the fire safety plan, at least once every three months for existing buildings during the first two years. Thereafter fire drills shall be conducted once every six months. For School buildings, fire drills should be held once per term, preferably at the commencement of each term or school year.
All occupants of the building shall participate in the fire drill. However, occupants of the building, other than building service employees are not required to leave the floor or use the exits during the drill.
A written record of such drills shall be kept on the premises for three years period and shall be readily available for fire brigade inspection.
Traditionally Fireworks form an integral part of celebrating Diwali, marriage ceremony and another such happy occasion. But in many cases, happy occasions become gloomy and laughter turns to tears due to indiscriminate use of fireworks without taking safety precautions. Some carefulness, some safety cautiousness could help in saving such odd events to make the celebration more bright and purposeful. Some safety precautions while using
Fireworks/Crackers shall be as under:-
FIRE SAFETY IN HOTELS
Fire safety in hotels can be achieved by considering the following aspects.
MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITY which includes the issue of the written statement of its Policy regarding fire safety to its employees, training staff in handling & operation of First aid fire-fighting equipment, assigning responsibilities to its specific persons, planning evacuation, drills & practice.
CONTAINMENT OF SMOKE this can be achieved by containment of smoke/ fire by Fire resistant construction & compartment.
PROVISION OF SAFETY ESCAPE ROUTES By providing the continuous & an unobstructed way to exit travel from any point in the hotel to public way.
EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY & LIGHTING Standby power supply arrangements shall be made to illuminate corridors, staircases, basement, exit signage, operating of fire lifts, fire pump, etc.
FIRE SAFETY/ FIGHTING EQUIPMENT the Adequate number of fire detection & suppression equipment shall be provided in the buildings irrespective of its height Viz: Internal Hydrant system, Automatic detection cum Alarm system, portable fire extinguisher etc.
IMPORTANCE OF FIRE SAFETY TRAINING IN INDUSTRIES
Fire safety starts with Fire Prevention and for that, it is important to have certain basic knowledge of combustion, Fire hazard properties & potentially dangerous processes in the area of work. An employee who is present on the spot is the most important Fire Fighter who can prevent & extinguish the fire in the earliest stage thereby minimizing the loss of life and property. But to do so he must have the knowledge and training.
IMPORTANT FACTORS OF FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING.
FIRE SAFETY FOR DISABLED PEOPLE
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE:
If possible, close the door of the room, where the fire is close all the doors behind you as you leave. This will help delay the spread of fire and smoke.
Before opening a closed door use the back of your hand to touch it. Don't open, if you feel hot - the fire will be on the other side.
Get everyone out, as quickly as possible. Don't try to pick up valuables. Make your way out, as safely as you can and try not to panic. It will help you to plan your escape route now rather than waiting until the fire reaches you.
Contact the fire brigade. Clearly, state the address of the fire.
Never go back into the house until a fire officer has told you it is safe to do so.
IF YOU ARE CUT OFF BY FIRE:
Try to remain calm.
If you are unable to use the door because of flames or smoke, close the door and use a towel or bed sheet to block any gaps. This will help stop smoke spreading into the room.
Try to make your way to the window. If the room becomes smoky, crawl along the floor where its easier to breathe
Open the window and try to attract the attention of others who can alert the fire brigade. Wait for the Fire Brigade to arrive.
The fire brigade should arrive in a matter of minutes. If you are in immediate danger and your room is not too high from the ground below to break your fall from the window. If you can, get out feet first and lower yourself to the full length of your arms before dropping.
HOW TO PREVENT FIRES:
Unplug all electrical appliances not designed to stay on.
Make sure no cigarettes are still burning.
Before emptying, ashtrays make sure that the contents are cold.
Put a guard around open fires.
Switch off portable room heaters.
Close the doors of unoccupied rooms.
TRAPPED IN A LIFT:
When a lift breaks down with people trapped inside, the greatest danger is from panic.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FIRE SAFETY IN RESPECT OF TEMPORARY STRUCTURES/ PANDALS:
SURVIVAL GUIDE IN CASE OF FIRE:
WHAT IS FIRE:
Fire is a chemical reaction in which heat, light, and smoke evolve. To generate fire, heat, fuel, and oxygen is essentially required to balance ratio. Shortage of anyone restricts occurrence of fire.
FIRE GROWS FAST:
It is now established that a small flame can get completely out of control in seconds and turn into a major fire. It can fill up a home with black thick smoke very quickly. In minutes a home can be engulfed in flames. There is very short time to “ESCAPE”.
“Each second counts in escape”
Fire is ‘HOT’ & ‘DARK’:
Fire generates heat that can kill. The temperature in a room varies from 100 degrees at floor level to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling super hot air will scorch your lungs. Heat can melt clothes on your skin. In just five minutes a room can get so hot that everything in it ignites at once. Fire brings darkness even if it starts bright. It produces black thick smoke which reduces visibility.
“Escape from the heat!”
“Escape from darkness!”
FIRE IS DEADLY:
Fire produces heat, smoke, and toxic gases. Smoke and toxic gases travel faster than the heat hence they kill more people than flames do. Breathing even small amount of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy, disoriented. The odorless, colorless fumes can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door.
FIRES DO HAPPEN:
Fire occurs frequently in Home, Industries, office etc. PREVENT FIRES. You should make sure that you and others know
1. What to do if Fire does break out?
2. What would you do if you or any member discovers a Fire?
3. How would you and others escape
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